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Monthly Archives: December 2009

Hadeon Eon

            The Hadeon Eon, sometimes considered part of the Archean Eon, marked the formation of Earth. Little was known about this time because the evidence on Earth from this Eon had not been preserved due to the planets ever changing geology and climate. At this time, earth would be considered a Class E planetoid, after it had grown to around 10,000 km in diameter. The surface would have been either completely or partially molten, and temperatures would have been extremely high. There would be little to no solid rock on the surface, until the planet could cool down.

            Due to accretion, the surface was under a constant bombardment of meteorites, and volcanism was extensive. As the crust began to cool into solid rock, the surface would crack to allow for heat of the molten rock below to escape. This was due to a high geothermal gradient, causing a decreased heat flow from the surface to outer space than we see today. Also, the bombardment of meteorites impacting the earth tore holes into the surface allowing even more molten rock to poor through. This process would go on for hundreds of thousands of years, and was known as the late heavy bombardment, which ended approximately 3.8 billion years ago.

            Although surface temperatures were extremely high, sporadic detrital zircon crystals dated as far back as 4.3 Billion Years Ago indicate that at least by this time earth had some oceans or seas. During this time it is believed that Earth went through a rapid cooling phase where the crust began to solidify, allowing for water to condense on the surface. The crust would still be partially molten, however temperatures on the more solid and rocky continents would have been cool enough for shallow seas to form. This period most likely came to an end when the Late Heavy Bombardment began around 4.1 Billion Years Ago, causing breaks in the solid surface allowing for molten rock to once again cover most of the surface.


Logged on to the computer today and what did I find? Someone deleted the folder that had ALL OF MY PROJECTS in it! Granted, the world isn’t ending or anything, but this is a hobby of mine and I’ve put a lot of work into it and man it really blows when it’s all deleted! Oh well, guess I will start over!

Back to warp drive! And again, as I have not really explained what warp drive actually is, here is my continuation explanation.

As I said before, space is like a fabric that gravity sort of tugs on to make objects with mass come together (if you would like more information on that post, click here). The concept of warp drive can be looked at in a similar way. Although Albert Einstein never actually came up with the warp drive theory itself, his papers on the subject did lead to the concept of warp drive. When refering to the possibility of traveling faster than lightspeed, Einstein commented that it would be possible to move faster than the speed of light if spacetime were curved. Meaning that if you could curve the space fabric, much like gravity does, then you might be able to manipulate it in such a way that you may be able to travel faster than light.

Again this did not correlate to an official theory of “warp drive,” however as far as I can tell Gene Roddenberry used this information to create his own basic concept of warp drive that was used on Star Trek. This may have been generalized theories by actual scientists or something that Roddenberry came up with himself. It is also not quite known if Roddenberry coined the term “warp drive” or if it came from another soarce.

But I digress…back to the subject. Warp drive can be looked at much in the same way that gravity is looked at. There are varrying ways of doing it, but essentially an object would have to create a pull on the spacetime fabric around the ship. This can be seen as a pull similar to gravity in front of the ship, where pushing into the fabric forces the object to move toward it. Simultaniously, if you were to create an opposite push behind the vessel, you could push it away from the disturbance in the fabric. This is refered to gravitationally as “anti-gravity,” (the opposite of gravity, pushing away instead of pulling toward), and can be thought of as pushing up from the bottom of the fabric to sort of create a ‘hill’ in it rather than a ‘dip.’ In this case, the object on the fabric, such as a ball bearing, would roll away from the hill rather than fall toward it.

Alcubbiere Drive

So then, if you were able to create a ‘dip’ in spacetime in front of the ship and a ‘hill’ in spacetime behind the ship and make both of these disturbances move in the same direction at the same time and at the same speed, you could push/pull the object without the object moving on its own. In this instance, space around the object is moving rather than the object itself. I dare you to set up a piece of cloth and put a ball bearing on it and try it for yourself.

There have been many theories on the subject since the creation of the original Star Trek. Even enough to change the way that Roddenberry’s original warp drive works on the shows and movies. The latest concept, known as the Alcubierre Drive, was created by Miguel Alcubierre in Mexico in the ’90s, and is considered to be the closest we have come to actually developing a working theory on warp propulsion.

Related External Links:
Alcubierre Drive on Wikipedia
Warp Drive on Wikipedia

Warp Drive on Memory Alpha
The General Theory of Relativity on Wikipedia

Finaly, I was able to get more completed on the Enterprise-D/Galaxy Class Project. I have added a little more to the design and construction history of the Galaxy Class:

The design layout was an updated version used on the Ambassador Class. This modern design had also been applied to other vessels such as the New Orleans Class and the Nebula Class. Spaceframe construction pieces were fabricated and then assembled on the surface at the Utopia Planetia Fleet Yards surface construction docks. During the debate over how the final design would be played out, construction was halted several times. While agreements on the final designs were being finalized, the overall spaceframes were finished on the Galaxy, Challenger, Enterprise and Yamato. After the debate ended, the Galaxy was finalized as each system was placed and frequently upgraded. Work on the other vessels continued, but at a slower pace.

            After the Galaxy was deemed appropriate, she was launched into orbit to be furbished and completed by the orbital construction teams. After some testing on the Galaxy, main construction was continued until ready for launch into orbit on the other three vessels. The Galaxy, after final completion, was launched as a prototype vessel. After a maiden voyage and several test voyages, the Galaxy was brought back into drydock for final systems upgrades and refit before launch into full service. Soon after, the Challenger, Enterprise and Yamato were launched, respectively. Construction on the final two vessels, Odyssey and Venture, were completed and launched rather quickly.

            Six additional frames were fabricated and set, however full construction orders were put on hold until it was deemed necessary to bring more Galaxy Class vessels into service. This was due to the gigantic engineering feat the Galaxy class was to build; Starfleet simply didn’t have the resources or need to apply such a major engineering project. Construction on these vessels continued after the Borg invasion threat of 2364, as well as an additional two vessels (though one project was scrapped and the frame later become one for a vessel in the 3rd Construction Group). These starships were constructed mostly in orbit, and the last vessel of this series, the Oraidhe was launched in 2371.

Also, here are some basic stat info I have put in:

Affiliation: United Federation of Planets-Starfleet
Type: Heavy Explorer
Sub Type: Battleship
Sub Classes: Primary, Venture, Republic,
Development Project Commission: 2343
First Starship Construction Began: 2357
First Starship Commission/Launch: 2362
Last Starship Decommission:
Commissioning Groups: 1st Group, 6 Starships, 2362-2366
                                         2nd Group, 8 Starships, 2368-2372
                                         3rd Group,
                                         4th Group,
Construction Facility(s): Utopia Planetia Fleet Yards, Mars, Sol System
Design Group: Advanced Starship Design Bureau
Construction Group: Advanced Starship Design Bureau/Starfleet Corps of Engineers
Length: 642.51 m
Beam: 463.73 m
Height: 195.26 m (Standard)
Mass: 4,500,000 metric tons
Decks: 42
Standard Crew Compliment:
Skeleton Crew Compliment:
Other Compliment:
Assets: 250 Photon Torpedoes (Standard)
             4 Workbees (Standard)
             8 Shuttlecraft (Standard)
             8 Shuttlepods (Standard)
             1 Yacht (Standard)
Speed: Warp 9.8 (For a limited time at extreme risk)
            Warp 9.6 (For 12 hours)
            Warp 9.2 (Maximum Cruise)
            Warp 6 (Initial Cruise)
Armament: Phasers: 12 Type X Phaser Banks (Standard)
                                   14 Type X Phaser Banks (Venture, Constitution)
                                   16 Type X Phaser Banks ( )
                                   18 Type X Phaser Banks (Republic)
                                     1 Type I Heavy Phase Disruptor (Republic, )
                                     2 Type I Pulse Phaser Canons (Republic, )
                     Torpedoes: 3 Photon Torpedo Launchers (Standard)
                                         3 Quantum Torpedo Launchers (Republic, Constitution)
                     Blast Cannons:
Defenses: 16 Deflector Shield Grids
                1st Group
USS Galaxy, NCC-70637
USS Challenger, NCC-71099
USS Enterprise, NCC-1701-D
USS Yamato, NCC-71807
USS Odyssey, NCC-71832
USS Venture, NCC-71854

                 2nd Group
USS Dauntless, NCC-71879
USS Bolivar, NX-
      (Cancelled Experimental Saucer Program)
USS Asguard, NCC-
USS Breedlove, NCC-
USS Idaho, NCC-
USS Republic, NCC-
USS Monitor, NCC-
USS Oraidhe, NCC-
                        3rd Group
USS San Francisco, NCC-74780
USS Allegheny, NCC-
USS Cheyenne, NCC-75435
USS Oregon, NCC-75698
USS Constitution,
USS Excalibur, NCC-26517-A
USS Madison, NCC-
USS Muakaikubo, NCC-
USS Trident, NCC-

                        4th Group
USS Horizon, NCC-8
USS Yorktown, NCC-

Enterprise Specifications

Affiliation: United Federation of Planets-Starfleet
Subclass: Primary
Type: Heavy Explorer
Subtype: Battleship
Construction Commission:
Construction Contract/Registry: NCC-1701-D
Commission Group: 1st Group
Construction Facility(s): Utopia Planetia Fleet Yards Surface Facility (Initial Spaceframe Construction)
                                         Utopia Planetia Fleet Yards Orbital Facility (Furbishing)
Design Group: Advanced Starship Design Bureau
Construction Group: Advanced Starship Design Bureau/Starfleet Corps of Engineers
Launched: 2363 (Shakedown Cruise)
                   2364 (Flag Established)
Decommissioned: 2371 (Destroyed)
Length: 642.51 m
Beam: 463.73 m
Height: 195.26 m (Standard)
Mass: 4,500,000 metric tons
Decks: 42
Standard Crew Compliment: 1,012 (Including Civilians)
Assets: 250 Photon Torpedoes
             4 Workbees
             12 Shuttlecraft
             8 Shuttlepods
             1 Yacht
Speed: Warp 9.8 (For a limited time at extreme risk)
            Warp 9.6 (For 12 hours)
            Warp 9.2 (Maximum Cruise)
            Warp 6 (Initial Cruise)
Armament: 12 Type X Phaser Banks
                     3 Photon Torpedo Launchers
                     Blast Cannons
Defenses: 16 Deflector Shield Grids

After watching TNG’s “Conspiracy” I realised the New Orlean’s Class was considered a frigate, rather than a Heavy Explorer. It doen’t make sense for a Galaxy Class to be replacing a frigate, so I have changed the reference in my project to Ambassador Class.

Anyway here is a little bit more I have been working on in regards to the design of the Enterprise. Hopefully will have some more added to the overall development soon.

Development of the Enterprise was far less eventful then the prototype. Enterprise was the 3rd starship of the Galaxy Class. The spaceframe was set and built on the Martian surface only months after that of the Galaxy, in 2357. Actual construction on the vessel began in 2361, along with the Challenger and Yamato, while spaceframe construction began on the Odyssey and Venture around the same time. Launch into orbit took place in 2363, where the vessel was furbished and readied for launch.
            During final construction in orbit of Mars, the starboard pylon phaser bank was exchanged with the Yamato. Commander Orfil Quinteros, the Construction Supervisor, was quoted as saying that the phaser bank was a “better fit.” Operational records show that the EPS junctions were misaligned between the phaser bank and the Enterprise’s nacelle pylon. The Yamato’s EPS system in that pylon had not been completed at that time, and so the phasers were switched.
            Construction was completed on the Enterprise in 2373. Soon after, a commissioning ceremony was held by Rear Admiral Norah Satie and many of the senior staff appointed to the starship. After commissioning, the vessel was taken under the command of Admiral Satie on her shakedown cruise, which brought her to the Alpha Centauri system 5 light-years away. There she docked at the Centauri Ring Station for an evaluation of the cruise before she was brought back to Earth. There she docked at Earth Station McKinley, Dock 3, where she awaited final systems upgrades and the command of Captain Jean-Luc Picard.

Hope you like!

I have been working on my version of the Enterprise-D technical manual (as part of my all inclusive technical encyclopedia). Haven’t come up with too much yet, but a little bit. Anyway here is some of what I’ve been working on in regards to the galaxy class development project. Keep in mind that whatever I can’t find in canon information I try to find in book series, fan-fiction, or whatever provides information on that particular subject. If I can’t find it anywhere then I basically make it up based on on the information I do have and the consistencies I can draw upon.

The Galaxy Class Starship was designed to be the front runner in deep space exploration. Classified as a Heavy Explorer, the vessel is capable of maintaining deep space operations without refit or supply for long periods of time. For this reason, Galaxy class vessels were the first Starfleet exploration and strategic vessels capable of accommodating the immediate families of the crewmembers serving on these vessels, owing to the analogy that the ships were “travelling cities.”
            Although primarily designed for deep space interstellar travel, Galaxy class vessels are also well equipped to be workhorses for the Federation. Galaxy class vessels are able to accommodate a large number of ill or injured, or even refugees, all of which can be given proper medical treatment and facilities to suit their needs.
            Galaxy class ships are also defensively designed to be battleships in combat situations. Despite the fact that most Starfleet vessels are exploratory, all vessels of this type are designed with a combat sub-type, in order to perform military duties in times of war or in order to defend themselves or other Federation interests in the vastness of space. Galaxy class vessels are well armed and well shielded against any attacker, and have been used on many occasions as an anchor for defending fleets during wartime.

The Galaxy was developed as the replacement to the New Orleans class starship in all aspects of service. For its development, Starfleet not only wanted a vessel capable of performing a wide variety of mission types such as deep space exploration, administration and command, emergency relief, and combat duties, but also a “starship of the future” that could accommodate a large number of crew and families, as well as guests.

Galaxy Class Development Project

            The Galaxy Class Development Project begin in 2343 when Admiral Carstairs was commissioned with overseeing the development of a new deep space heavy explorer. Carstairs, who was in charge of contruction operations for Starfleet heavy explorers, felt that the vessel should boast a grander scale than previously seen. He believed that the vessel should have a larger volume to accommodate more application for multi-role assignments. Many felt that this translated into more combat capabilities, considering that many design boards indicated troop transport capabilities and an impressive array of weaponry. With this leading to a constant battle between Carstairs and other members of the designing administration, design and construction was slowed considerably.

            Eventually, an agreement was reached among the developing team, and construction began on the USS Galaxy in 2357. Though still a well armed vessel, the agreement amended some of the other alterations to the vessel. The class was originally drawn up to have two torpedo launchers in the “cobra neck” section, but was contracted to only have one. Also the saucer torpedo launcher was initially intended to face forward and launch when the two sections were still connected, however this was changed so that the launcher tube faced the connection “cobra head,” allowing for it to only be launched after separation. Since phaser banks were considered to be primarily defensive weapons due to the ability to change affective yields and output, almost all phaser arrangements were kept in the design. As for the troop accommodations, it was decided that the extremely spacious interior would be left empty and customizable for any mission type. This was not a new concept for these types of vessels; it simply had never been utilized in such a large area before.

            Although these accommodations had been reached, construction had been very slow. Frustrated by the lack of interest in his military design, Carstairs began pushing for the most advanced technologies to be the standard on the new class. Carstairs argued that if the vessels were to be the Federation flagships, they should be equipped with the best technologies to date, including those currently in development. As these technologies became available, each one had to be integrated into the ships current systems, making for a very slow process. Eventually it was decided that the vessel was advanced enough and the vessel was completed as drafted. The USS Galaxy was launched in 2362.

Basically that is just a small section in the whole, so if you have anything you think I should add, let me know!

Before I start going into utter craziness about how warp drive works on star trek, first I should probebly explain what warp drive is and how it affects space.

On that note, you must first understand how SPACE works before you can understand how to warp it. Albert Einstein thought up the modern concept of space when he developed his theories on how physics worked when dealing with strange concepts like gravity or light. Einstein believed that space could be looked at like a fabric that has been pulled taught and so it was uniform in nature, a flat surface. Obviously, the universe is not flat, it is 3-dimentional, but Einstein felt that this idea was the best way to explain the dimention of space that we inhabit (in Star Trek, this is referred to as the space-time continuum). He felt that gravity could be explained by the way it affects the “fabric” of space rather than how gravity affects individual objects.

Gravity, in the idea of the fabric, would be like placing a weight on the fabric. Invariably, the weight would sink. This sinking into the fabric is how massive objects affect the spacetime continuum. If you were to roll a ball bearing across the fabric in the general direction of the weight, the sinking affect will catch the ball as it rolls, this would be like being caught in the massive objects gravity well. As the ball rolls around the weight, it is orbiting the weight. Eventually, it will stop against the object, and occupy the same relative space. This is known to scientists as “accretion,” and an example can be anything from a black hole sucking in another star to two planets crashing into each other to form a larger one or asteroids coming together to form planetoids or an asteroid striking a planets surface.

As objects become more massive (either by increasing mass and/or density), they sink deeper into the spacetime fabric, causing more gravitational pull. Einstein felt that this is how our dimention of space worked. The reason it is called “spacetime” is because it didn’t take scientists long to figure out that time is also affected by gravity when they put Einstein’s theories to the test.

Time, though it is linear and travels only in one direction (that we know of), does move in different speeds relative to gravity. For example, if you were to place a clock on a satellite, and match it with a clock on the surface of Earth, the clock orbiting would move faster than the one on Earth. Time itself does not change, for example you could not measure a space minute and call it 45 earth seconds, but simply our perception of time changing as a result of gravity when we observe it from outside. If you were on the spaceship, it would be more like the clock on earth would be moving slower, rather than yours moving faster. Either way, a minute is still a minute. 
If it confuses the hell out of you (like it does me), don’t worry, it’s not important. Scientists, with all their calculations, experiements, and theories, don’t really get it either. The question they are attempting to answer is whether it is actually gravity that causes “time-dilation” (the changes in perceptive speed), or if it is gravities affect on the spacetime fabric. And if so, how can we understand why this happens?

Very crazy stuff if you ask me!

You know, as a trekkie, that I have much love for Rodenberry, but man he was vague about treknology! Of coarse, with production ever changing, and new concepts of the science world going in and out of popularity or theoretically fizzling out, he had to be. And of coarse, it’s not his fault that there are literally thousands of nerds out there that nitpick this stuff, like why in the heck there is no consistancy between warp drive between Enterprise, The Next Generation, and The Original Series!

The answer is (of coarse) that at the time TOS was being made the theory of warp drive was only a concept that at the time wasn’t very well explained. When the franchise grew and scientists began looking at the theory more closely, some of their ideas began being included in the movies, and by the time TNG came out, Rodenberry had a whole new concept for treknology that could be applied. These concepts were forced onto the concept of TOS tech, and eventually it became widely accepted that TOS used TNG style warp drive, except of coarse by TOS fanatics. Then, with ENT, the concepts were reverse engineered for an older style, and this just complicated everything!

So why am I making a big deal out of this? Because like many trekkies, I too love Star Trek for it’s exploration of the wonders of the universe, and love to see Rodenberry’s and now other’s ideas of how man reaches the stars! I have been working on this project for some time, of creating information on technology and history in Trek to fill in the gaps, so stay tuned for updates!

So, I needed a website that I could post my random thoughts on various things, tried websites but I don’t really have the time to keep them update on specific things, so here is my BLOG