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Tag Archives: Treknology

Here is my version of the control panel in Engineering of the Enterprise D that faces the warp core throught the glass. This is the first display that I have successfully started from scratch and completed.

From my warp project:

The most difficult and confusing part about light and energy is trying to figure out what they actually are, and why they set the speed limit on the universe. Light, as far as we can discover, is a type of electromagnetic radiation. Electromagnetic radiation is a type of energy emitting wave that travels by means of both an electric and a magnetic field that oscillate perpendicular to each other. Light, as it turns out, belongs to a wide range of electromagnetic wavelengths that are detectible, although only visible light can be seen with the naked human eye.
            The differences in the electromagnetic radiation are determined by their frequency and wavelength. We have discovered that we can develop technology similar to our own eyes, only they are designed to see different frequencies and wavelength, rather than just visible light. As humankind pointed these devices into space to observe the things we cannot see through conventional lenses, we discovered that the speed at which this radiation travels remained constant, although, this is nothing new.

            A man by the name of James Clerk Maxwell believed that EM radiation travelled in waves, and put forth equations to prove this. He discovered that his equations on the speed of the waves matched that of the determination of the speed of light. From this, Maxwell concluded that visible light must be a type of EM radiation. Through his calculations, scientists have over time been able to narrow the gap in understanding the fundamentals of what light is actually made of.

            Determining that is actually far more complicated. Light is believed to be made of elementary particles. The difficulty in determining the actual properties of these particles are the fact that they emit both wave properties and normal particle properties, and as such they are bound partly by both particle physics and the physics of wave models. None other than Einstein set out to solve this problem, and he soon discovered that this duality offered its own model of physics and the concept of photons was born.

            According to Einstein’s Theory of Special Relativity, photons have no mass, no electric charge, and they do not decay spontaneously in empty space. Photons are emitted from various sources, including charged particles (such as electrons) interacting with magnetic fields, elementary particles in many states and conditions transiting to a lower energy level, and during matter/antimatter reactions. Photons are the result of the propagation of light, and carry both energy and momentum, which is created from energy of the light source, and destroyed when the light is absorbed. In a nutshell, light is created from a source of energy. This source, such as excited atoms, emits some of this energy in the form of photons, which are tiny energetic particles that fly away from the source at tremendous speeds. When photons with a certain wavelength and frequency hit the receptors in our eyes, we see it as light.

            This is simple, right? Actually it gets far more complicated. Photons may be energy released from an energy source, but what is that source? Well, the source is actually mass. Here is where Einstein really wrote the book on energy. He understood that all mass had a potential for energy, even if the mass was motionless. Using single particles in this experiment, he called this state “rest mass” for these particles (known for other types of mass as “invariant mass”), and it basically described that even though the mass was not moving, it still had the potential to do so. The trick is understanding that it takes energy to move an object, and the faster you move an object, the more energy is required. This is known as kinetic energy, and it describes the energy exerted on the mass.

            Where it gets really strange is when Einstein realized that both mass and energy have the same potential in relation to each other, in a sense, they are the same thing. Einstein realized that mass is not converted into energy, or vice versa, but rather that they coexist in relation to the other, they are connected and you cannot have mass without energy, or energy without mass. Therefore, when mass is accelerated, its speed and momentum increase the kinetic energy. This, in turn, will raise the total energy of the object with mass, and as the speed reaches the speed of light, these numbers begin to approach infinite. This means that as the mass reaches the speed of light it contains so much energy in relation to the mass of the object that the object itself essential becomes enveloped in its own energy. Thus,  describes energy as mass that has been accelerated to a point where the energy of the mass overcomes the mass itself.

            So, light and energy cannot be accelerated past the speed of light. The problem this presents to FTL is the fact so much energy is used in bringing mass to the point of energy at that speed, how do you create the amount of energy required to produce a condition in which mass is accelerate beyond that barrier and still have the same properties of its mass? Although energy exertion on mass and energy used to bend space are not exactly the same thing, it would still take far more energy to create a warp distortion than to accelerate an object to the speed of light, neither of which could be done by humanity at the time these concepts were discovered.

From my warp project:

Publicly, the thought of traversing the stars began many years before Einstein’s theories, however before those theories it was thought to be impossible. Many ideas were created in the aftermath of Einstein’s equations, although few of them gained any popularity in the scientific community. It wasn’t until a young scientist, named G. Wesley Roddenberry, came up with the concept of “warp drive,” which he coined in his first publication of the subject in 1964.

            Warp drive, he explained, would create a sort of electromagnetic field at specific points in space that would create a distortion effect to essentially expand space around the vessel, allowing this expansion to push the vessel through space. Theoretically, the ship could travel faster than the speed of light.

            At first, these ideas were rejected, however after careful consideration, much of the mathematical information was sound, and this soon became the leading theory on FTL travel. Many other theories were developed over time, and with the thought of FTL actually being possible, many gained popularity, however none were ever able to completely debunk Roddenberry’s theory from mainstream. The problem, however, was trying to figure out how this could be applied as a viable technology. The answer, as it turned out, came in the form of energy.

From my paper on the development of warp drive:

Why is this barrier so daunting to astrophysicists? This question can best be answered by Albert Einstein. In 1905, he published the Special Relativity Theory, which describes the physical conditions of objects in motion. Einstein theorized that in a vacuum (also known as free space) where there are no particles of matter, gravity and other universal forces were constant and the speed of light would also be constant to any outside observer, regardless of the observers’ motion in relation to the light source. This provided the constant in Einstein’s famous formula for Special Relativity: , where c is the speed of light, a constant in free space.

The theory of Special Relativity goes on explain that as an object moves faster and faster, approaching the speed of light, the physical properties exerted on it change dramatically. Specifically, perception of time changes and mass begins to take on properties of energy rather than of typical massive matter. As such it was theorized that an object could not be accelerated to the speed of light without changing the nature of the object in some way. Once this happens, the object becomes the same energy as light when it travels at this speed, and thus cannot naturally travel faster.

So how then, if an object cannot even move at the speed of light in normal spacetime, does an object move faster than light? In 1915, Einstein published the General Relativity Theory, which mainly describes his concept of how gravity actually works in relation to Special Relativity. In this theory, Einstein explained that gravity is one of many dominant forces playing on the universe. These forces affect both space and time as a single dimension that exists around us, known as spacetime. In this model, spacetime is altered by gravitational pull, as well as the pull of the other forces expelled on the universe. These forces play dramatic roles on our understanding of physics and the how the universe works. It alters our perception of time, space geometry, dimensional space, light, and many other oddities that exist in our universe.

Spacetime, Einstein believed, could be viewed as a sort of fabric that stretches across the universe. Gravity, created by a mass, would be like placing a weight on the fabric, which would sink where the weight had been placed. If you were to put a ball bearing on the cloth and let it roll freely, it would become attracted to the weight’s impression on the material. This is how gravity is believed to work, and subsequently, gives light to the nature of normal spacetime; it provides the idea that spacetime can be and is curved.

This concept allows for the possibility of an object travelling faster than the speed of light if spacetime is curved around the object. Einstein himself offered his thoughts on the subject with the equation =   , where  is the Einstein Curvature Tensor (which describes the curvature of space), and G is the gravitational constant. In this model, the object is not technically exceeding the speed of light, it simply appears that way to an outside observer. The question then becomes how to create a curvature of space and how can that curvature be used to accelerate an object past the speed of light (and what would happen to that object when it reaches those speeds).

Back to warp drive! And again, as I have not really explained what warp drive actually is, here is my continuation explanation.

As I said before, space is like a fabric that gravity sort of tugs on to make objects with mass come together (if you would like more information on that post, click here). The concept of warp drive can be looked at in a similar way. Although Albert Einstein never actually came up with the warp drive theory itself, his papers on the subject did lead to the concept of warp drive. When refering to the possibility of traveling faster than lightspeed, Einstein commented that it would be possible to move faster than the speed of light if spacetime were curved. Meaning that if you could curve the space fabric, much like gravity does, then you might be able to manipulate it in such a way that you may be able to travel faster than light.

Again this did not correlate to an official theory of “warp drive,” however as far as I can tell Gene Roddenberry used this information to create his own basic concept of warp drive that was used on Star Trek. This may have been generalized theories by actual scientists or something that Roddenberry came up with himself. It is also not quite known if Roddenberry coined the term “warp drive” or if it came from another soarce.

But I digress…back to the subject. Warp drive can be looked at much in the same way that gravity is looked at. There are varrying ways of doing it, but essentially an object would have to create a pull on the spacetime fabric around the ship. This can be seen as a pull similar to gravity in front of the ship, where pushing into the fabric forces the object to move toward it. Simultaniously, if you were to create an opposite push behind the vessel, you could push it away from the disturbance in the fabric. This is refered to gravitationally as “anti-gravity,” (the opposite of gravity, pushing away instead of pulling toward), and can be thought of as pushing up from the bottom of the fabric to sort of create a ‘hill’ in it rather than a ‘dip.’ In this case, the object on the fabric, such as a ball bearing, would roll away from the hill rather than fall toward it.

Alcubbiere Drive

So then, if you were able to create a ‘dip’ in spacetime in front of the ship and a ‘hill’ in spacetime behind the ship and make both of these disturbances move in the same direction at the same time and at the same speed, you could push/pull the object without the object moving on its own. In this instance, space around the object is moving rather than the object itself. I dare you to set up a piece of cloth and put a ball bearing on it and try it for yourself.

There have been many theories on the subject since the creation of the original Star Trek. Even enough to change the way that Roddenberry’s original warp drive works on the shows and movies. The latest concept, known as the Alcubierre Drive, was created by Miguel Alcubierre in Mexico in the ’90s, and is considered to be the closest we have come to actually developing a working theory on warp propulsion.

Related External Links:
Alcubierre Drive on Wikipedia
Warp Drive on Wikipedia

Warp Drive on Memory Alpha
The General Theory of Relativity on Wikipedia

Finaly, I was able to get more completed on the Enterprise-D/Galaxy Class Project. I have added a little more to the design and construction history of the Galaxy Class:

The design layout was an updated version used on the Ambassador Class. This modern design had also been applied to other vessels such as the New Orleans Class and the Nebula Class. Spaceframe construction pieces were fabricated and then assembled on the surface at the Utopia Planetia Fleet Yards surface construction docks. During the debate over how the final design would be played out, construction was halted several times. While agreements on the final designs were being finalized, the overall spaceframes were finished on the Galaxy, Challenger, Enterprise and Yamato. After the debate ended, the Galaxy was finalized as each system was placed and frequently upgraded. Work on the other vessels continued, but at a slower pace.

            After the Galaxy was deemed appropriate, she was launched into orbit to be furbished and completed by the orbital construction teams. After some testing on the Galaxy, main construction was continued until ready for launch into orbit on the other three vessels. The Galaxy, after final completion, was launched as a prototype vessel. After a maiden voyage and several test voyages, the Galaxy was brought back into drydock for final systems upgrades and refit before launch into full service. Soon after, the Challenger, Enterprise and Yamato were launched, respectively. Construction on the final two vessels, Odyssey and Venture, were completed and launched rather quickly.

            Six additional frames were fabricated and set, however full construction orders were put on hold until it was deemed necessary to bring more Galaxy Class vessels into service. This was due to the gigantic engineering feat the Galaxy class was to build; Starfleet simply didn’t have the resources or need to apply such a major engineering project. Construction on these vessels continued after the Borg invasion threat of 2364, as well as an additional two vessels (though one project was scrapped and the frame later become one for a vessel in the 3rd Construction Group). These starships were constructed mostly in orbit, and the last vessel of this series, the Oraidhe was launched in 2371.

Also, here are some basic stat info I have put in:

Affiliation: United Federation of Planets-Starfleet
Type: Heavy Explorer
Sub Type: Battleship
Sub Classes: Primary, Venture, Republic,
Development Project Commission: 2343
First Starship Construction Began: 2357
First Starship Commission/Launch: 2362
Last Starship Decommission:
Commissioning Groups: 1st Group, 6 Starships, 2362-2366
                                         2nd Group, 8 Starships, 2368-2372
                                         3rd Group,
                                         4th Group,
Construction Facility(s): Utopia Planetia Fleet Yards, Mars, Sol System
Design Group: Advanced Starship Design Bureau
Construction Group: Advanced Starship Design Bureau/Starfleet Corps of Engineers
Length: 642.51 m
Beam: 463.73 m
Height: 195.26 m (Standard)
Mass: 4,500,000 metric tons
Decks: 42
Standard Crew Compliment:
Skeleton Crew Compliment:
Other Compliment:
Assets: 250 Photon Torpedoes (Standard)
             4 Workbees (Standard)
             8 Shuttlecraft (Standard)
             8 Shuttlepods (Standard)
             1 Yacht (Standard)
Speed: Warp 9.8 (For a limited time at extreme risk)
            Warp 9.6 (For 12 hours)
            Warp 9.2 (Maximum Cruise)
            Warp 6 (Initial Cruise)
Armament: Phasers: 12 Type X Phaser Banks (Standard)
                                   14 Type X Phaser Banks (Venture, Constitution)
                                   16 Type X Phaser Banks ( )
                                   18 Type X Phaser Banks (Republic)
                                     1 Type I Heavy Phase Disruptor (Republic, )
                                     2 Type I Pulse Phaser Canons (Republic, )
                     Torpedoes: 3 Photon Torpedo Launchers (Standard)
                                         3 Quantum Torpedo Launchers (Republic, Constitution)
                     Blast Cannons:
Defenses: 16 Deflector Shield Grids
                1st Group
USS Galaxy, NCC-70637
USS Challenger, NCC-71099
USS Enterprise, NCC-1701-D
USS Yamato, NCC-71807
USS Odyssey, NCC-71832
USS Venture, NCC-71854

                 2nd Group
USS Dauntless, NCC-71879
USS Bolivar, NX-
      (Cancelled Experimental Saucer Program)
USS Asguard, NCC-
USS Breedlove, NCC-
USS Idaho, NCC-
USS Republic, NCC-
USS Monitor, NCC-
USS Oraidhe, NCC-
                        3rd Group
USS San Francisco, NCC-74780
USS Allegheny, NCC-
USS Cheyenne, NCC-75435
USS Oregon, NCC-75698
USS Constitution,
USS Excalibur, NCC-26517-A
USS Madison, NCC-
USS Muakaikubo, NCC-
USS Trident, NCC-

                        4th Group
USS Horizon, NCC-8
USS Yorktown, NCC-

Enterprise Specifications

Affiliation: United Federation of Planets-Starfleet
Subclass: Primary
Type: Heavy Explorer
Subtype: Battleship
Construction Commission:
Construction Contract/Registry: NCC-1701-D
Commission Group: 1st Group
Construction Facility(s): Utopia Planetia Fleet Yards Surface Facility (Initial Spaceframe Construction)
                                         Utopia Planetia Fleet Yards Orbital Facility (Furbishing)
Design Group: Advanced Starship Design Bureau
Construction Group: Advanced Starship Design Bureau/Starfleet Corps of Engineers
Launched: 2363 (Shakedown Cruise)
                   2364 (Flag Established)
Decommissioned: 2371 (Destroyed)
Length: 642.51 m
Beam: 463.73 m
Height: 195.26 m (Standard)
Mass: 4,500,000 metric tons
Decks: 42
Standard Crew Compliment: 1,012 (Including Civilians)
Assets: 250 Photon Torpedoes
             4 Workbees
             12 Shuttlecraft
             8 Shuttlepods
             1 Yacht
Speed: Warp 9.8 (For a limited time at extreme risk)
            Warp 9.6 (For 12 hours)
            Warp 9.2 (Maximum Cruise)
            Warp 6 (Initial Cruise)
Armament: 12 Type X Phaser Banks
                     3 Photon Torpedo Launchers
                     Blast Cannons
Defenses: 16 Deflector Shield Grids

After watching TNG’s “Conspiracy” I realised the New Orlean’s Class was considered a frigate, rather than a Heavy Explorer. It doen’t make sense for a Galaxy Class to be replacing a frigate, so I have changed the reference in my project to Ambassador Class.

Anyway here is a little bit more I have been working on in regards to the design of the Enterprise. Hopefully will have some more added to the overall development soon.

Development of the Enterprise was far less eventful then the prototype. Enterprise was the 3rd starship of the Galaxy Class. The spaceframe was set and built on the Martian surface only months after that of the Galaxy, in 2357. Actual construction on the vessel began in 2361, along with the Challenger and Yamato, while spaceframe construction began on the Odyssey and Venture around the same time. Launch into orbit took place in 2363, where the vessel was furbished and readied for launch.
            During final construction in orbit of Mars, the starboard pylon phaser bank was exchanged with the Yamato. Commander Orfil Quinteros, the Construction Supervisor, was quoted as saying that the phaser bank was a “better fit.” Operational records show that the EPS junctions were misaligned between the phaser bank and the Enterprise’s nacelle pylon. The Yamato’s EPS system in that pylon had not been completed at that time, and so the phasers were switched.
            Construction was completed on the Enterprise in 2373. Soon after, a commissioning ceremony was held by Rear Admiral Norah Satie and many of the senior staff appointed to the starship. After commissioning, the vessel was taken under the command of Admiral Satie on her shakedown cruise, which brought her to the Alpha Centauri system 5 light-years away. There she docked at the Centauri Ring Station for an evaluation of the cruise before she was brought back to Earth. There she docked at Earth Station McKinley, Dock 3, where she awaited final systems upgrades and the command of Captain Jean-Luc Picard.

Hope you like!

I have been working on my version of the Enterprise-D technical manual (as part of my all inclusive technical encyclopedia). Haven’t come up with too much yet, but a little bit. Anyway here is some of what I’ve been working on in regards to the galaxy class development project. Keep in mind that whatever I can’t find in canon information I try to find in book series, fan-fiction, or whatever provides information on that particular subject. If I can’t find it anywhere then I basically make it up based on on the information I do have and the consistencies I can draw upon.

The Galaxy Class Starship was designed to be the front runner in deep space exploration. Classified as a Heavy Explorer, the vessel is capable of maintaining deep space operations without refit or supply for long periods of time. For this reason, Galaxy class vessels were the first Starfleet exploration and strategic vessels capable of accommodating the immediate families of the crewmembers serving on these vessels, owing to the analogy that the ships were “travelling cities.”
            Although primarily designed for deep space interstellar travel, Galaxy class vessels are also well equipped to be workhorses for the Federation. Galaxy class vessels are able to accommodate a large number of ill or injured, or even refugees, all of which can be given proper medical treatment and facilities to suit their needs.
            Galaxy class ships are also defensively designed to be battleships in combat situations. Despite the fact that most Starfleet vessels are exploratory, all vessels of this type are designed with a combat sub-type, in order to perform military duties in times of war or in order to defend themselves or other Federation interests in the vastness of space. Galaxy class vessels are well armed and well shielded against any attacker, and have been used on many occasions as an anchor for defending fleets during wartime.

The Galaxy was developed as the replacement to the New Orleans class starship in all aspects of service. For its development, Starfleet not only wanted a vessel capable of performing a wide variety of mission types such as deep space exploration, administration and command, emergency relief, and combat duties, but also a “starship of the future” that could accommodate a large number of crew and families, as well as guests.

Galaxy Class Development Project

            The Galaxy Class Development Project begin in 2343 when Admiral Carstairs was commissioned with overseeing the development of a new deep space heavy explorer. Carstairs, who was in charge of contruction operations for Starfleet heavy explorers, felt that the vessel should boast a grander scale than previously seen. He believed that the vessel should have a larger volume to accommodate more application for multi-role assignments. Many felt that this translated into more combat capabilities, considering that many design boards indicated troop transport capabilities and an impressive array of weaponry. With this leading to a constant battle between Carstairs and other members of the designing administration, design and construction was slowed considerably.

            Eventually, an agreement was reached among the developing team, and construction began on the USS Galaxy in 2357. Though still a well armed vessel, the agreement amended some of the other alterations to the vessel. The class was originally drawn up to have two torpedo launchers in the “cobra neck” section, but was contracted to only have one. Also the saucer torpedo launcher was initially intended to face forward and launch when the two sections were still connected, however this was changed so that the launcher tube faced the connection “cobra head,” allowing for it to only be launched after separation. Since phaser banks were considered to be primarily defensive weapons due to the ability to change affective yields and output, almost all phaser arrangements were kept in the design. As for the troop accommodations, it was decided that the extremely spacious interior would be left empty and customizable for any mission type. This was not a new concept for these types of vessels; it simply had never been utilized in such a large area before.

            Although these accommodations had been reached, construction had been very slow. Frustrated by the lack of interest in his military design, Carstairs began pushing for the most advanced technologies to be the standard on the new class. Carstairs argued that if the vessels were to be the Federation flagships, they should be equipped with the best technologies to date, including those currently in development. As these technologies became available, each one had to be integrated into the ships current systems, making for a very slow process. Eventually it was decided that the vessel was advanced enough and the vessel was completed as drafted. The USS Galaxy was launched in 2362.

Basically that is just a small section in the whole, so if you have anything you think I should add, let me know!

You know, as a trekkie, that I have much love for Rodenberry, but man he was vague about treknology! Of coarse, with production ever changing, and new concepts of the science world going in and out of popularity or theoretically fizzling out, he had to be. And of coarse, it’s not his fault that there are literally thousands of nerds out there that nitpick this stuff, like why in the heck there is no consistancy between warp drive between Enterprise, The Next Generation, and The Original Series!

The answer is (of coarse) that at the time TOS was being made the theory of warp drive was only a concept that at the time wasn’t very well explained. When the franchise grew and scientists began looking at the theory more closely, some of their ideas began being included in the movies, and by the time TNG came out, Rodenberry had a whole new concept for treknology that could be applied. These concepts were forced onto the concept of TOS tech, and eventually it became widely accepted that TOS used TNG style warp drive, except of coarse by TOS fanatics. Then, with ENT, the concepts were reverse engineered for an older style, and this just complicated everything!

So why am I making a big deal out of this? Because like many trekkies, I too love Star Trek for it’s exploration of the wonders of the universe, and love to see Rodenberry’s and now other’s ideas of how man reaches the stars! I have been working on this project for some time, of creating information on technology and history in Trek to fill in the gaps, so stay tuned for updates!